Example Marketing Plan - Creative Cuisine
Personal Chef Service
Creative Cuisine will provide personal chef services to busy working professionals in the Western portion of the capital. This service will include personalized menu planning, grocery shopping and preparation of dinner entrees and side dishes on a regular basis. The service will be available as a monthly, bi-weekly or occasional service. Price will vary according to level of service selected. The meals will be prepared in the client's home during a weekday while the client is at work. All meals will be packaged, labeled and refrigerated or frozen with complete instructions for final preparation. Creative Cuisine will use all its own utensils and will do complete clean-up.
Creative Cuisine's target market will be affluent working couples with children who want to enjoy healthy dinners at home with minimum preparation. The average clients will be homeowners age 35 to 55, with incomes over R100,000. Creative Cuisine's marketing focus is to provide them with a convenient, unique and high-quality alternative to cooking, dining out, or take-out meals.
Creative Cuisine's targeted high-end consumers continue to demand more convenience and quality in their dinner meal. Nearly half of the city's dinner meals are currently prepared outside the home by full-service restaurants, grocery store prepared food sections, and take-out food retailers. Two of Creative Cuisine's advantages over such competitors are: 1) its ability to completely customize meals to the client's tastes, preferences and dietary requirements; and 2) its ability to deliver these meals directly to the client's home refrigerator/freezer, thus saving clients valuable free time that would otherwise be spent shopping, driving, and cooking. The customized meals personally prepared by Creative Cuisine will be significantly higher in quality, taste and nutrition than the mass-produced food offered by its competitors.
What follows is a detailed analysis of the current market for a personal chef service.
Current Market Size
Economists at the National Restaurant Association estimated total foodservice sales for 2011 at R313 billion, representing a 5 percent increase over 2010. That means consumers spent an average of R855 million per day on food away from home.
According to the National Restaurant Association's Foodservice Industry Forecast, fast food comprised the largest segment of this market, capturing 47.8 percent of the Rands spent. The report attributes this success to "fast food's ability to meet consumers' desire for value and convenience." It was further estimated that at least 64 percent of all fast food purchases were consumed off-premises.
According to Technomic, Inc., a food industry consulting firm, almost half of consumer food Rands are spent on meals prepared away from home. In addition, food expenditures rise significantly as income increases according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics' Consumer Expenditure Survey Data.
This significant trend of consumers purchasing prepared meals is so pervasive that the foodservice industry has coined a new term to describe it: "home-meal replacement." Many businesses are shifting their focus to meet the growing demands of consumers:
- Most supermarkets now include a deli, bakery, and a prepared-foods section. Also, many offer fast-food service.
- Boston Market has continued to expand its product lines and market share.
- Famous chefs, such as Wolfgang Puck, are offering high-end prepared meals in upscale supermarkets.
- Fast-food chains such as KFC, Pizza Hut and Taco Bell have formed alliances to offer multiple product lines under one roof.
There are also several economic and cultural trends that have contributed to this growing demand:
- Increasing number of women in the workforce
- Increasing number of woman-owned businesses
- Growing number of higher-income households
- Americans working longer hours
- Decreasing amount of leisure time
- Premium placed on convenience
- Trend toward purchasing personal services (i.e., personal-trainers, house-cleaning services, home shopping services)
According to Foodservice Solutions, a hospitality consulting firm:
|"Home-meal replacement is not a luxury today - it's a necessity. People don't want to take the time to cook; they have too many other things to do. People want high-quality prepackaged foods...to make life easier."|
Entrepreneur Magazine selected "Personal Chef Services" as one of the top service businesses to start today:
|"Convenience-craving consumers are always looking for a way to do things better, faster and cheaper. Often, that means turning to a specialty-services entrepreneur who knows how to get the job done right. Those with culinary competence can likely find a hungry clientele among the ranks of America's busy working families."|
Growth Potential of the Market
Based on the National Restaurant Association's Foodservice Industry Forecast, the percentage of food Rands spent away from home has grown from 25 percent in 1955 to 50 percent today.
More importantly, the proportion of the food budget spent on meals away from home increases significantly as income increases. Households with incomes of R70,000 spent 81 percent more per capita (R1,278 per person) on food away from home than the average income-reporting household (R705 per person) according to the Consumer Expenditure Survey conducted by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Also contributing to the potential growth in the market is the rise in affluent households documented by the Current Population Survey from the Bureau of the Census. From 1990 to 1994 the number of households earning R50,000 to R74,999 increased by 16.4 percent; households earning R75,000 to R99,999 increased 36.1 percent; and households earning R100,000 or more increased by 61.1 percent in the same period.
Increase (Decrease) in
|Less than R35,000||
|R35,000 to R49,999||
|R50,000 to R74,999||
|R75,000 to R99,000||
|R100,000 or more||
Source: Bureau of the Census
A personal chef service is uniquely positioned to take advantage of the increasing demand for fast food, growing health concerns, and the rise in high-income households. Affluent working couples want "fast food," but they want it upscale, healthy, and convenient. The founders of Truly Unique Personal Chef Service report that their business has grown 10 to 15 percent every year since opening in 1992. Many of their clients said they were getting bored with going out to restaurants and wanted something different.
Creative Cuisine's' target customer will be families with two working, professional parents who are too busy to cook every night but are fed up with takeout and restaurant food. Their specific demographics are as follows:
Household Income: Over R100,000
Age: 35 to 55
Education: College degree and/or advanced degree
Marital Status: Married couples or high income single
Job: Professional status (one or both partners)
Children: Preferably ages 7 to 18
Location: Live in neighborhoods with high concentration of affluent families
Here are just a few of the benefits to customers if they hire Creative Cuisine:
- 6 hours per week more free time (1 hour per day cooking/acquiring meal plus 1 hour per week grocery shopping)
- Very convenient
- Meals customized to personal tastes
- More variety
- Health and nutrition benefits
- Less stress
- Client feels pampered
- It makes life easier
- Don't have to cook
- Less grocery shopping
- Minimal kitchen clean-up
- Peace of mind
There are a handful of other personal chef services in the metropolitan area; however, since this is still a new business concept, there remains a large untapped market.
Most competition for home-meal replacement exists from neighborhood restaurants, upscale fast-food outlets and supermarket prepared meals. Following is a competitive analysis of the various meal replacement alternatives:
Creative Cuisine's competitive advantage is its ability to deliver consistently high quality, personalized meals, custom menu planning, grocery shopping, and preparation of meals right in the client's home for consumption at the client's convenience.
This is an opportune time for beginning a personal chef service. According to Entrepreneur Magazine, some of the fastest growing trends in service businesses today include:
- Servicing smaller, upscale markets
- Products and services for children and their parents
Creative Cuisine is better positioned to service small, upscale markets in a personal way than are the other competitors. Creative Cuisine's personal chef services are specifically geared toward affluent couples with children. Busy working parents have more quality time to spend with their children when they aren't rushing to get dinner on the table, and their children get a more nutritious dinner. Creative Cuisine also has the advantage of being a home-based business which requires lower overhead and start-up costs than a traditional foodservice business.
Research indicates the most effective advertising tool for a personal chef service is placing a small display ad in a weekly community newspaper with a paid subscription base of 5,000 to 40,000 readers. All of the above communities have a weekly community newspaper, although some offer free subscriptions and some have a paying subscriber base.
In addition, the following marketing tools will be used:
- Offering R100 discount on initial service for first-time customers
- Developing contact list for referrals through friends, family, co-workers and networking
- Fliers and business cards placed at strategic locations
- Occasional advertising in other publications
- Press releases to community newspapers and radio stations
During the initial inquiry by the prospective client, an appointment will be scheduled in the client's home to discuss the service. At the first meeting, the Creative Cuisine chef will present sample menus and sample meal options. A questionnaire on food choices and preferences will be completed. After presenting the pricing structure, a plan will be chosen, a check will be collected, and a date will be set for the first service. An interim phone call will be made to present the personalized menu and obtain menu approval. A small gift will be left at the first service appointment with a thank you card. A follow-up call a few days after service begins will inquire into the client's satisfaction with the meals. If this is a trial customer, an additional call will be made one week later to see if their is interest in becoming a regular client; if so, a regular service date will be set. For all future service, a check made out to Creative Cuisine will be left at the client's home on the service date.
Creative Cuisine has the potential to create a very profitable business by capitalizing on several major trends of the 1990s. With the increasing numbers of affluent families comes their increasing demands. Creative Cuisine can help solve some of their problems while meeting these demands.
Creative Cuisine Solution
The above marketing plan was written by a student in Boston's Center for Women & Enterprise's 9-week business feasibility course-Fast Trac 1. The author can be reached by email at ChefLinda@aol.com.
(Center for Women & Enterprise, Boston, MA, 12/97)